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Breaking NLP

20 Apr 2018

I collect some interesting sentences here for which natural language understanding, if it works, should be able to give a sound representation, and give two possible representations in some cases.

他觉得就在刚才他记得昨天下午的聚会她认为自己丑(递归) 他觉得就在刚才他记得昨天下午的聚会她认为自己丑

领导:你这是什么意思?没什么意思。意思意思。(正确理解“意思”) 领导:你这是什么意思?没什么意思。意思意思。

能穿多少穿多少(夏天/冬天)

地铁里听到一个女孩大概是给男朋友打电话:“我已经到西直门了,你快出来往地铁站走。如果你到了,我还没到,你就等着吧。如果我到了,你还没到,你就等着吧。”(字面意思和语气)1 他觉得就在刚才他记得昨天下午的聚会她认为自己丑

石室诗士施氏,嗜狮,誓食十狮。氏时时适市视狮。十时,适十狮适市。是时,适施氏适市。施氏视是十狮,恃矢势,使是十狮逝世。氏拾是十狮尸,适石室。石室湿,氏使侍拭石室。石室拭,氏始试食是十狮尸。食时,始识是十狮尸,实十石狮尸。试释是事。2

  • 赵元任

狮识豕,豕识狮。始,狮嗜舐豕;豕适。豕时侍狮食柿,狮适。3

  • 隋景芳

江州市长江大桥参加了长江大桥的通车仪式 他觉得就在刚才他记得昨天下午的聚会她认为自己丑

Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo 他觉得就在刚才他记得昨天下午的聚会她认为自己丑

我在北京西站南广场东 他觉得就在刚才他记得昨天下午的聚会她认为自己丑

前门到了,请各位从后门下车

James while John had had had had had had had had had had had a better effect on the teacher

Colorless green ideas sleep furiously. 4

Time and Quantity Reasoning

These sentences are selected from RepEval20175 shared tasks, under the time/quantity resoning category. Inference on these sentences are currently quite hard for neural models.

entailment

  • Like one, two, three, four.
  • Count from one to four.

entailment

  • Of those beginning prenatal care in the first trimester, Indiana mothers rank in the lower third of individuals receiving such care nationwide.
  • There are Indiana mothers who do not receive prenatal care in the first trimester.

entailment

  • Payment of $1,000 (or more) may be made now or at anytime before December 31, 1993.
  • Payment may be made anytime until December 31.

entailment

  • If you’d like to make a donation at a later date, please indicate your pledge on the invoice and return it to us.
  • We appreciate you indicating your pledged amount on the invoice.

entailment

  • The time was 9:38.
  • The time was before 10:00

entailment

  • By 8:33, it had reached its assigned cruising altitude of 31,000 feet.
  • By 8:33 is was on its delegated cruising altitude of about 30,000 feet.

entailment

  • After bloody struggles, the Sunni became (and remain) the majority sect.
  • The Sunni were not the majority sect before violent conflict took place.

entailment

  • The military aide returned a few minutes later, probably between 10:12 and 10:18, and said the aircraft was 60 miles out.
  • It was thought to be sometime after 10 o’clock that the military aide returned.

entailment

  • For a desk dictionary (or college dictionary, as Americans like to call them) it is rather pricey at $36.
  • Desk dictionaries can be rather expensive.

entailment

  • I do not know how he would rate it, but I must confess that for general use I am inclined to put it just a little ahead of Chambers . But I haven’t found it quite as much fun to browse in.
  • I would rate it slightly better than Chambers.

neutral

  • The value of the coefficient can vary from zero (if demand is exactly the same every week) to numbers much greater than one for wildly fluctuating weekly demand.
  • A coefficient can indeed rise up to a hundred for wildly fluctuating weekly demand.

neutral

  • A short time later, Nawaf and Salem al Hazmi entered the same checkpoint.
  • Nawaf and Salem al Hazmi entered the checkpoint ten minutes later.

contradiction

  • I think uh-oh 200 pounds of mush going to be laying on the floor, I’ll never get him up you know.
  • There is 100 pounds of mush on the floor and I can’t get him up.

contradiction

  • At best, experience with different combinations of waist sizes and leg lengths for a given design allows a scheduler to aggregate the units to be made into groups of large and small sizes, which means marker-makers can achieve efficiencies near 90 percent for casual pants.
  • Makrer-makers can only ever achieve efficiencies of 80 percent for casual pants.

contradiction

  • In this chapter, we will concentrate on the past hundred years, outlining major changes in American retail, apparel, and textiles that occurred before the 1980s.
  • Hundreds of year of history is included in this chapter.

contradiction

  • Note that the work in a shirt plant is generally grouped into production lots of 1,500 shirts if the progressive bundle system is used.
  • The progressive bundle system means work is generally grouped into production lots of 20,000 shirts or more.

contradiction

  • At eight or ten stitches an inch, it is possible to seam thirteen to sixteen or more inches a second.
  • It’s impossible to seam more than 13 inches a second.

contradiction

  • The Vice Chairman joined the conference shortly before 10:00; the Secretary, shortly before 10:30.
  • The Secretary joined before the Vice Chairman.

contradiction

  • As early as January 1994, Bin Ladin received the surveillance reports, complete with diagrams prepared by the team’s computer specialist.
  • Bin Ladin did not receive any reports until 1996.

contradiction

  • The call lasted about two minutes, after which Policastro and a colleague tried unsuccessfully to contact the flight.
  • The call only lasted 5 seconds before it was dropped.

contradiction

  • Hold on a second.
  • Hold on for a few minutes.

contradiction

  • The passengers continued their assault and at 10:02:23, a hijacker said, Pull it down!
  • The assault by the passengers did not begin until 10:10:00.

contradiction

  • Two such hints, however, have only a few possible answers in common, so that the solver can concentrate on them and pick the most probable one.
  • Each problem only has one possible answer.

contradiction

  • It seems unnecessary to point out that Framework cannot have a very sophisticated list of words if it has only 37,000 in its memory, but I thought it might be interesting to see what substitutions were evoked by SUGGEST.
  • Framework has more than 300,000 words and is quite sophisticated.

More

List_of_linguistic_example_sentences

  1. http://iiis.tsinghua.edu.cn/~xfcui/intro2cs/slides/03_nlp.pdf 

  2. https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-hans/%E6%96%BD%E6%B0%8F%E9%A3%9F%E7%8D%85%E5%8F%B2 

  3. http://www.djyw.org/user1/90/archives/2010/40298.html 

  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorless_green_ideas_sleep_furiously 

  5. mismatched annotation from https://repeval2017.github.io/shared/