# Josherich's Blog

## Breaking NLP

20 Apr 2018

I collect some interesting sentences here for which natural language understanding, if it works, should be able to give a sound representation, and give two possible representations in some cases.

• 赵元任

• 隋景芳

Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo

Colorless green ideas sleep furiously. 4

## Time and Quantity Reasoning

These sentences are selected from RepEval20175 shared tasks, under the time/quantity resoning category. Inference on these sentences are currently quite hard for neural models.

entailment

• Like one, two, three, four.
• Count from one to four.

entailment

• Of those beginning prenatal care in the first trimester, Indiana mothers rank in the lower third of individuals receiving such care nationwide.
• There are Indiana mothers who do not receive prenatal care in the first trimester.

entailment

• Payment of $1,000 (or more) may be made now or at anytime before December 31, 1993. • Payment may be made anytime until December 31. entailment • If you’d like to make a donation at a later date, please indicate your pledge on the invoice and return it to us. • We appreciate you indicating your pledged amount on the invoice. entailment • The time was 9:38. • The time was before 10:00 entailment • By 8:33, it had reached its assigned cruising altitude of 31,000 feet. • By 8:33 is was on its delegated cruising altitude of about 30,000 feet. entailment • After bloody struggles, the Sunni became (and remain) the majority sect. • The Sunni were not the majority sect before violent conflict took place. entailment • The military aide returned a few minutes later, probably between 10:12 and 10:18, and said the aircraft was 60 miles out. • It was thought to be sometime after 10 o’clock that the military aide returned. entailment • For a desk dictionary (or college dictionary, as Americans like to call them) it is rather pricey at$36.
• Desk dictionaries can be rather expensive.

entailment

• I do not know how he would rate it, but I must confess that for general use I am inclined to put it just a little ahead of Chambers . But I haven’t found it quite as much fun to browse in.
• I would rate it slightly better than Chambers.

neutral

• The value of the coefficient can vary from zero (if demand is exactly the same every week) to numbers much greater than one for wildly fluctuating weekly demand.
• A coefficient can indeed rise up to a hundred for wildly fluctuating weekly demand.

neutral

• A short time later, Nawaf and Salem al Hazmi entered the same checkpoint.
• Nawaf and Salem al Hazmi entered the checkpoint ten minutes later.

• I think uh-oh 200 pounds of mush going to be laying on the floor, I’ll never get him up you know.
• There is 100 pounds of mush on the floor and I can’t get him up.

• At best, experience with different combinations of waist sizes and leg lengths for a given design allows a scheduler to aggregate the units to be made into groups of large and small sizes, which means marker-makers can achieve efficiencies near 90 percent for casual pants.
• Makrer-makers can only ever achieve efficiencies of 80 percent for casual pants.

• In this chapter, we will concentrate on the past hundred years, outlining major changes in American retail, apparel, and textiles that occurred before the 1980s.
• Hundreds of year of history is included in this chapter.

• Note that the work in a shirt plant is generally grouped into production lots of 1,500 shirts if the progressive bundle system is used.
• The progressive bundle system means work is generally grouped into production lots of 20,000 shirts or more.

• At eight or ten stitches an inch, it is possible to seam thirteen to sixteen or more inches a second.
• It’s impossible to seam more than 13 inches a second.

• The Vice Chairman joined the conference shortly before 10:00; the Secretary, shortly before 10:30.
• The Secretary joined before the Vice Chairman.

• As early as January 1994, Bin Ladin received the surveillance reports, complete with diagrams prepared by the team’s computer specialist.

• The call lasted about two minutes, after which Policastro and a colleague tried unsuccessfully to contact the flight.
• The call only lasted 5 seconds before it was dropped.

• Hold on a second.
• Hold on for a few minutes.

• The passengers continued their assault and at 10:02:23, a hijacker said, Pull it down!
• The assault by the passengers did not begin until 10:10:00.

• Two such hints, however, have only a few possible answers in common, so that the solver can concentrate on them and pick the most probable one.
• Each problem only has one possible answer.

• It seems unnecessary to point out that Framework cannot have a very sophisticated list of words if it has only 37,000 in its memory, but I thought it might be interesting to see what substitutions were evoked by SUGGEST.
• Framework has more than 300,000 words and is quite sophisticated.

### More

List_of_linguistic_example_sentences

1. http://iiis.tsinghua.edu.cn/~xfcui/intro2cs/slides/03_nlp.pdf

2. https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-hans/%E6%96%BD%E6%B0%8F%E9%A3%9F%E7%8D%85%E5%8F%B2

3. http://www.djyw.org/user1/90/archives/2010/40298.html

4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorless_green_ideas_sleep_furiously

5. mismatched annotation from https://repeval2017.github.io/shared/